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The Torwa Empire: A Forgotten Jewel of the Zambezi Valley.

The Torwa Empire, also known as the Butua Empire, was a powerful kingdom that flourished in the Zambezi Valley, in present-day Zimbabwe, from the late 15th to the early 17th centuries. Despite its relatively short existence, the Torwa Empire left a lasting legacy in the region and beyond.

The Torwa Empire was founded by the Torwa people, who were related to the Shona people of modern-day Zimbabwe.

The empire's capital was the hilltop fortress of Khami, located about 20 kilometers from the modern city of Bulawayo. Khami was a major center of trade and culture in the region, and the Torwa kings built an impressive system of walls, moats, and defensive structures that protected the city from invasion.

The Torwa Empire was known for its highly skilled artisans, who created intricate stone sculptures and intricate pottery. The empire's economy was based on agriculture, and its fertile lands produced surplus crops that were traded with neighboring kingdoms, such as the Mutapa Empire.

Despite its success, the Torwa Empire faced numerous challenges, including internal divisions and external threats from other kingdoms.

One of the most significant threats came from the Rozwi Empire, a powerful kingdom that emerged to the northeast of the Torwa Empire in the 16th century.

The Rozwi people, who were also related to the Shona people, began to expand their territory and eventually conquered the Torwa Empire in the early 17th century.

Despite its defeat, the Torwa Empire left a lasting legacy on the region and its culture. The ruins of Khami are still visible today and are a popular tourist destination for visitors to Zimbabwe.

The Torwa Empire's art and architecture continue to inspire contemporary artists and designers, and its history has been studied by historians and archaeologists for centuries.

Today, the Torwa Empire is remembered as a symbol of the resilience and ingenuity of the African.

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